Materials science researchers at the University of Arkasas, led by electrical engineering professor Shui-Qing “Fisher” Yu, have demonstrated the first electrically injected laser made with germanium tin. Used as a semiconducting material for circuits on electronic devices, the diode laser could improve micro-processing speed and efficiency at much lower costs.
In tests, the laser operated in pulsed conditions up to 100 kelvins, or 279 degrees below zero Fahrenheit.
“Our results are a major advance for group-IV-based lasers,” Yu said. “They could serve as the promising route for laser integration on silicon and a major step toward significantly improving circuits for electronics devices.”
The research is sponsored by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, and the findings have been published in Optica, the journal of The Optical Society. Yiyin Zhou, a U of A doctoral student in the microelectronics-photonics program authored the article. Zhou and Yu worked with colleagues at several institutions, including Arizona State University, the University of Massachusetts Boston, Dartmouth College in New Hampshire and Wilkes University in Pennsylvania. The researchers also collaborated with Arktonics, an Arkansas semiconductor equipment manufacturer.
The alloy germanium tin is a promising semiconducting material that can be easily integrated into electronic circuits, such as those found in computer chips and sensors. The material could lead to the development of low-cost, lightweight, compact and low power-consuming electronic components that use light for information transmission and sensing.
Yu has worked with germanium tin for many years. Researchers in his laboratory have demonstrated the material’s efficacy as a powerful semiconducting alloy. After reporting the fabrication of a first-generation, “optically pumped” laser, meaning the material was injected with light, Yu and researchers in his laboratory continue to refine the material.
- Yiyin Zhou, Yuanhao Miao, Solomon Ojo, Huong Tran, Grey Abernathy, Joshua M. Grant, Sylvester Amoah, Gregory Salamo, Wei Du, Jifeng Liu, Joe Margetis, John Tolle, Yong-hang Zhang, Greg Sun, Richard A. Soref, Baohua Li, Shui-Qing Yu. Electrically injected GeSn lasers on Si operating up to 100 K. Optica, 2020; 7 (8): 924 DOI: 10.1364/OPTICA.395687
This article, written by Matt MacGowen, originally appeared in University of Arkansas, Research Frontiers.